FOR RELEASE: 9:30 A.M. ET, TUESDAY, JUNE 24, 2003
The Conference Board announced today that the leading index for Germany increased 0.1 percent and the coincident index decreased 0.6 percent in April.
- The leading index gained 0.1 percent in April for the first time in five months, after dropping 1.7 percent from December 2002 through March 2003. April's increase was largely due to stock prices and consumer confidence and it is too soon to suggest that the downward trend in the leading index is abating. The weakness in leading indicators remains widespread.
- The coincident index, a measure of current economic conditions, dropped significantly in April and continues its downward trend established after July 2002. It is strongly reflective of the sluggish to negative economic growth that Germany has experienced since last year. The leading index is still signaling that Germany may continue to experience flat to negative economic growth over the next few quarters.
LEADING INDICATORS. Four of the eight components in the leading index increased in April. The positive contributors to the leading index -in order from the largest to the smallest positive contributor- are stock prices, consumer confidence, inventory change series* and the yield spread. The negative contributors to the leading index - in order from the largest negative contributor to the smallest - are new residential construction orders*, the growth rate of CPI for services, new orders in investment goods industries, and gross enterprises and properties income*.
The leading index now stands at 99.5 (1990=100). Based on revised data, this index decreased 0.5 percent in March and 0.9 percent in February. During the six-month span through April, the leading index decreased 1.3 percent, with two of the eight components increasing (diffusion index, six-month span equals 25.0 percent).
COINCIDENT INDICATORS. Three of the four components that make up the coincident index decreased in April. The negative contributors to the coincident index - in order from the largest negative contributor to the smallest- are employment, retail trade sales and industrial production. The only positive contributor to the coincident index in April was manufacturing sales*.
With a decrease of 0.6 percent in April, the coincident index now stands at 109.5 (1990=100). Based on revised data, this index was unchanged in March and decreased 0.2 percent in February. During the six-month period through April, the coincident index decreased 1.7 percent, with two of its four components decreasing (diffusion index, six-month span equals 50.0 percent).
The next release is scheduled for July 23, 2003 at 9:30 A.M. (ET)
In Germany -July 23, 2003 at 3:30 P.M. (CET)
DATA AVAILABILITY, The data series used by The Conference Board to compute the two composite indexes reported in the tables in this release are those available "as of" 9 A.M. ET on June 20, 2003. Some series are estimated as noted below.
NOTES: Series in the composite indexes for Germany that are based on The Conference Board estimates are inventory change, new residential construction orders, gross enterprises and properties income and manufacturing sales.
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Professional Contacts at The Conference Board:
Ataman Ozyildirim: 1-212-339-0399
Bart Van Ark: 31-50-363-3674
Randy Poe: 1-212-339-0234
Frank Tortorici: 1-212-339-0231
THE CYCLICAL INDICATOR APPROACH. The composite indexes are the key elements in an analytic system designed to signal peaks and troughs in the business cycle. The leading and coincident indexes are essentially composite averages of between four and nine individual leading or coincident indicators. (See page 3 for details.) They are constructed to summarize and reveal common turning point patterns in economic data in a clearer and more convincing manner than any individual component-primarily because they smooth out some of the volatility of individual components.
Historically, the cyclical turning points in the leading index have occurred before those in aggregate economic activity, while the cyclical turning points in the coincident index have occurred at about the same time as those in aggregate economic activity.
Germany Composite Indexes: Components and Standardization Factors
| ||Leading Index||Factor|
|1.||New Orders, Investment Goods||.0845|
|2.||Yield Spread, 10 year minus 3 month||.3295|
|3.||Change in Inventories||.1250|
|4.||Gross Enterprise and Property Income||.0761|
|6.||New Orders, Residential Construction||.0556|
|7.||Growth Rate for Consumer Price Index for Services||.1918|
|8.||Consumer Confidence Index||.1055|
The standardization factors are inversely related to the standard deviation of the month-to-month changes in each component. They are used to equalize the volatility of the contribution from each component and are "normalized" to sum to 1. These factors are revised effective with the May 22, 2003 release, and all historical values for the two composite indexes have been revised to reflect these changes. (Under normal circumstances, updates to the leading and coincident indexes only incorporate revisions to data over the past six months.)
The factors above were calculated using 1992-2000 as the sample period for measuring volatility for the leading index, and 1991-2000 as the sample period for the coincident index. There are additional sample periods as the result of different starting dates for the component data. When one or more components is missing, the other factors are adjusted proportionately to ensure that the total continues to sum to 1. For additional information on the standardization factors and the index methodology visit our Web site: www.globalindicators.org.
To address the problem of lags in available data, those leading and coincident indicators that are not available at the time of publication are estimated using statistical imputation. An autoregressive model is used to estimate each component. The resulting indexes are constructed using real and estimated data, and will be revised as the data unavailable at the time of publication become available. Such revisions are part of the monthly data revisions, now a regular part of the U.S. Business Cycle Indicators program. The main advantage of this procedure is to utilize in the leading index the data, such as stock prices, that are available sooner than other data on "real" aspects of the economy, such as new orders and changes in inventory. Empirical research by The Conference Board suggests there are real gains in adopting this procedure to make all the indicator series as up-to-date as possible.
Wednesday, July 23, 2003..... May 2003 Data
With annual benchmark revisions in June 2002, all components of the leading and coincident indexes were updated with all revisions in the underlying component data.
For detailed information on benchmark revisions, visit our website: www.globalindicators.org
ABOUT THE CONFERENCE BOARD. Founded in 1916, The Conference Board is the premier business membership and research network. The Conference Board has become a global leader in helping executives build strong professional relationships, expand their business knowledge and find solutions to a wide range of business challenges. The Board's Economics Program, under the direction of Chief Economist Gail Fosler, is a recognized source of forecasts, economic analysis and objective indicators such as the Leading Economic Indicators and the Consumer Confidence Index.
This role is part of a long tradition of research and education that stretches back to the compilation of the first continuous measure of the cost of living in the United States in 1919. In 1995, The Conference Board assumed responsibility for computing the composite indexes from the U.S. Department of Commerce. The Conference Board now produces business cycle indexes for the U.S., Australia, France, Germany, Korea, Japan, Mexico, Spain and the U.K. To subscribe to any of these indexes, please visit www.globalindicators.org or contact the Global Indicators Research Institute at
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